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UGC NET(ARCHAEOLOGY)

Paper II

Unit - I Introduction to Archaeology::-

Definition; aims, scope and ethics of archaeology; history and growth of Archaeology. History of Indian archaeology. Relationship of archaeology with social and natural sciences. Conservation and preservation of archaeological remains/sites: Aims and Methods; Antiquarian laws.

UNIT – II: Introduction to Prehistory:-

Prehistoric beginning, Pleistocene, Cultural backdrop, Palaeolithic cultural development in the world context, Prehistoric Art

Unit – IV Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures:-

Mesolithic culture of the Indian subcontinent, Neolithic cultures of the Indian subcontinent, Baluchistan, Neolithic culture in the Central Ganga and Vindhyan region, Neolithic cultural development in the southern peninsular India

Unit – V Proto-history:-

Courses towards urbanization, Decline of the Urban Harappan, Post-Urban phase, Other Chalcolithic Cultures of India

Paper 1I

Unit - III Palaeolithic cultural developments in the Indian subcontinent:-

Geo-chronology and Stone Age cultures of India, Lower Palaeolithic culture, Middle Palaeolithic culture and geographical spread, The Upper Palaeolithic culture

Paper II

Unit - I Introduction to Archaeology::-

Definition; aims, scope and ethics of archaeology; history and growth of Archaeology. History of Indian archaeology. Relationship of archaeology with social and natural sciences. Conservation and preservation of archaeological remains/sites: Aims and Methods; Antiquarian laws.

UNIT – II: Introduction to Prehistory:-

Prehistoric beginning, Pleistocene, Cultural backdrop, Palaeolithic cultural development in the world context, Prehistoric Art

Unit – IV Mesolithic and Neolithic cultures:-

Mesolithic culture of the Indian subcontinent, Neolithic cultures of the Indian subcontinent, Baluchistan, Neolithic culture in the Central Ganga and Vindhyan region, Neolithic cultural development in the southern peninsular India

Unit – V Proto-history:-

Courses towards urbanization, Decline of the Urban Harappan, Post-Urban phase, Other Chalcolithic Cultures of India

Phase II

UNIT – VI The Iron Age and growth :-

Painted Grey Ware culture, Nrthern Bloack Polished Ware culture, Iron Age in Peninsular India, Emergence of urban centres, Important sites of Historical period,

Paper-II

Unit – VII Architecture: A significant source of Indian history:-

The Stupa architecture, Temple Architecture, Art and Iconography, Gupta sculptures, Terracotta Art

Unit – VIII Palaeography and Epigraphy:-

Epigraphy as a source of Indian history: , Origin and antiquity of writing in India, Amoghavarsha, Mandsor inscription of Yeshovaran

Unit – IX Numismatics:-

Coins as an important source of history Origin and antiquity of coinage in ancient India. Technique/Methods of manufacturing coins: Silver, copper, gold and alloys. Main type of coins: Punch marked coins, inscribed and un-inscribed cast coins. Janpada and tribal coins, Indo-Greek coins. Saka-Kashtrapa, Kushana and Satavahana coinage; Coins of the Gupta dynasty; Roman coins. Brief account of Early Medieval Indian coinage.

Unit – X Methodology of archaeological research.:-

Role and characteristics of research, research ethics, methods of research; case studies and field investigations; Hypothesis formulation and research design; data collection and processing: Primary and secondary sources, use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in archaeological research; Methods of systematic referencing; Systematic presentation of data and results

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